rqes cover September 2022
September 2022



RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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  September 2022 (Volume 93, Issue 3)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
/ An Examination of Motor Competence Profiles in Preschool Children: A Latent Profile Analysis
Angela Starrett, Adam Pennell, Matthew J. Irvin, Sally Taunton Miedema, Candice Howard-Smith, Jacqueline D. Goodway, David F. Stodden, and Ali Brian

Purpose: Identifying profiles of preschoolers’ motor competence (MC) is essential for providing accurate and targeted intervention. However, little is known regarding children’s MC profiles, more specifically how skills may present in unique clusters. The purposes of the study were to explore MC profiles of U.S. children ages 3–6 years, quantify the uniqueness of these profiles, and examine differences by age, gender, race, geographic region, socioeconomic status, and Body Mass Index z-scores. Methods: Participants included children (N = 582, ngirls = 296) aged 3–6 years (Mage = 4.97, SD = .75) enrolled in one of seven early childhood education centers (Alabama, Louisiana, Ohio [× 2], South Carolina [× 2], Texas). Each child’s MC was assessed with the 12 skills comprising the TGMD-2. Latent profile analysis was performed using the 12 MC skills. Results: Five profiles of MC emerged, three of which show developing MC but in varying combinations. Wald tests revealed possible MC advantages for preschool children who are older, boys, reside in an urban region, and are of higher socioeconomic status, but only for the proficient MC profile. Conclusion: By uncovering five unique latent MC profiles, professionals should consider the presentation/origins of each profile and use such knowledge to create targeted, individualized MC interventions in American preschoolers. From a research perspective, the implications of this study suggest that researchers should consider person-oriented approaches examining individual skill scores (vs. summed subscale scores) whenever possible.



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Alternative Model for Physical Activity: Active Video Games Lead to High Physiological Responses
Cihan Aygün and Hayriye Çakir-Atabek


Motivation and Eudaimonic Well-Being in Athletes: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective
Despina Kouali, Craig Hall, Alison Divine, and J. Paige Pope


Instructors’ Perspectives of Social and Motor Influences on Participation in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Danielle Salters, P. Camila Rios, and Sara M. Scharoun Benson


Sport Participation Associations With Child Friend Selection and Physical Activity While at Summer Care Programs
Tyler M. Prochnow, Megan S. Patterson, Andrew R. Meyer, and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer


Barriers and Facilitators to Mental Health Help-Seeking in Elite Gaelic Footballers Post-Injury: A Qualitative Study
Sinéad O’Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair, Mark Campbell, and Siobhán O’Connor


Understanding the Presence of Mental Fatigue in Elite Female Football
Chris J. Thompson, Andy Smith, Aaron J. Coutts, Sabrina Skorski, Naomi Datson, Mitchell R. Smith, and Tim Meyer


A Single Bout of Exercise Provides a Persistent Benefit to Cognitive Flexibility
Diksha Shukla and Matthew Heath


Normative Data for Musculoskeletal Fitness in 13,217 Children and Adolescents: The Croatian Fitness (CROFIT) Study
Lovro Štefan, Boris Neljak, Vilko Petrić, Mario Kasović, and Tomaš Vespalec


Aerobic Versus Resistance Training: Leptin and Metabolic Parameters Improvement in Type 2 Diabetes Obese Men
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I Sit but I Don’t Know Why: Investigating the Multiple Precursors of Leisure-Time Sedentary Behaviors
Silvio Maltagliati, Philippe Sarrazin, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, Ryan E. Rhodes, Matthieu P. Boisgontier, and Boris Cheval


Examining Theoretical Factors That Influence Teachers’ Intentions to Implement Inclusive Physical Education
L. Tristani, S. Sweet, J. Tomasone, and R. Bassett-Gunter


The Role of Adiposity in the Association Between Physical Activity and Blood Pressure in Children
Ademar Lucena Filho, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Fernanda Cunha Soares, Jorge Bezerra, and Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros


Reexamining the Motivational Transfer Hypothesis of the Trans-Contextual Model Using Motivational Profiles
Yubing Wang


Season-long Changes in the Body Composition Profiles of Competitive Female Rugby Union Players Assessed via Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
C. Curtis, N. Arjomandkhah, C. Cooke, M. K. Ranchordas, and M. Russell


Effects of Core Strength Training on Skiing Economy in Elite Junior Cross-Country Skiers
Terese Therell, Daniel Jansson, and Apostolos Theos


Design and Validation of the Tactical Assessment Instrument in Football (TAIS)
Carmen Barquero-Ruiz, David Kirk, and José L. Arias-Estero


Acute Effects of Virtual Reality Exercise Biking on College Students’ Physical Responses
Nan Zeng, Wenxi Liu, Zachary C. Pope, Daniel J. McDonough, and Zan Gao


Seven-Weeks Gait-Retraining in Minimalist Footwear Has No Effect on Dynamic Stability Compared With Conventional Footwear
Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Erik Wikstrom, Antonio García-Gallart, Roberto Sanchis-Sanchis, and Pedro Pérez-Soriano


Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Does Not Affect Sprint Performance or the Horizontal Force-Velocity Profile
Carlos Alix-Fages, Amador Garcia-Ramos, Salvador Romero-Arenas, Giancarlo Calderón Nadal, Agustín Jerez-Martínez, David Colomer-Poveda, and Gonzalo Márquez