rqes cover December 2020
December 2020

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RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport



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  December 2020 (Volume 91, Issue 4)


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Table of Contents

 
Free Access Article
/ Perceived Workplace Experiences of Adapted Physical Educators and Physical Educators
Wesley J. Wilson, K. Andrew R. Richards, Justin A. Haegele, and Steven K. Holland

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the workplace experiences of physical education and adapted physical education teachers while also considering biological sex. Role socialization theory was used as a guiding lens. Method: Participants included 653 teachers (women = 382) who taught physical education (n = 420) or adapted physical education (n = 233). Five instruments were used to examine workplace experiences regarding: (a) marginalization and isolation, (b) two elements of perceived mattering, (c) three role stressors, (d) resilience, and (e) emotional exhaustion. Group comparisons were analyzed using a 2 × 2 (discipline x biological sex) factorial MANCOVA while including years of teaching experience as a covariate. Results: No significant interaction effect between teacher group and biological sex was detected; however, there were significant main effects of teacher group, F(9,640) = 19.49, p < .001; Wilk’s Λ = .79, partial-η2 = .22, and of biological sex, F(9,640) = 2.81, p < .01; Wilk’s Λ = .96, partial-η2 = .04, on the dependent variables. Significant follow-up univariate tests showed that the adapted physical education teachers perceived less marginalization, less isolation, more perceived mattering, and less emotional exhaustion than the physical education teachers. Women from both groups felt significantly more role overload when compared to the men. Conclusion: Collectively, these findings both relate to and extend role socialization theory in explaining how adapted physical education teachers are socialized through the workplace in comparison to their physical education counterparts. Practical implications for preservice and inservice teacher preparation and future research directions are discussed.

 

 

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Articles

Task Adaptations as a Function of Content Knowledge: A Functional Analysis
P. Iserbyt, R. Coolkens, J. Loockx, K. Vanluyten, J. Martens, and P. Ward

 

Adolescents’ Physical Activity in Education Systems Varying in the Number of Weekly Physical Education Lessons
Dorota Groffik, Josef Mitáš, Lukáš Jakubec, Zbyněk Svozil, and Karel Frömel

 

A Comparison of the Physiological Responses in Professional and Amateur Sports Car Racing Drivers
S. C. Barthel, T. M. Buckingham, C. E. Haft, J. E. Bechtolsheimer, T. A. Bechtolsheimer, and D. P. Ferguson

 

Kinematic Parameters after Repeated Swimming Efforts in Higher and Lower Proficiency Swimmers and Para-swimmers
Karini Borges dos Santos, Paulo Cesar Barauce Bento, Carl Payton, and André Luiz Felix Rodacki

 

Train Smarter, Play More: Insights about Preparation and Game Participation in Youth National Team
Jorge Arede, António Paulo Ferreira, Pedro Esteves, Oliver Gonzalo-Skok, and Nuno Leite

 

Revisiting the Applied Model for the Use of Observation: A Review of Articles Spanning 2011-2018
Diane M. Ste-Marie, Natasha Lelievre, and Laura St. Germain

 

Cardiovascular Acute Effects of Traditional Vs. Paired Set Resistance Training in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis
Igor Nasser, Renata de Mello Perez, Michel Silva Reis, Ingrid Dias, Jeffrey M. Willardson, and Humberto Miranda

 

High-Intensity 10-s Work: 5-s Recovery Intermittent Training Improves Anaerobic and Aerobic Performances
Glen R. Belfry, Don H. Paterson, and Scott G. Thomas

 

Association between Hormonal Status, Stress, Recovery, and Motivation of Paralympic Swimmers
João Paulo Pereira Rosa, Andressa Silva, Dayane Ferreira Rodrigues, Rui Menslin, Leonardo Tomasello Araújo, Roberto Vital, Sergio Tufik, Eduardo Stieler, and Marco Tulio de Mello

 

Age-related Changes in Physical Fitness among Community-living Middle-aged and Older Japanese: A 12-year Longitudinal Study
Rumi Kozakai, Yukiko Nishita, Rei Otsuka, Fujiko Ando, and Hiroshi Shimokata

 

Reproducibility of Internal and External Training Load During Recreational Small-Sided Football Games
Zoran Milanović, Ante Rađa, Marko Erceg, Nebojša Trajković, Emilija Stojanović, BlažLešnik, Peter Krustrup, and Morten B. Randers

 

Internal and Imagined External Foci of Attention Do Not Influence Pirouette Performance in Ballet Dancers
Carolina M. Andrade, Thales R. de Souza, Alysson F. Mazoni, André G. P. de Andrade, and Daniela V. Vaz

 

Biomechanical and Physiological Responses to 120 min of Soccer-Specific Exercise
Adam Field, Liam David Corr, Matthew Haines, Steve Lui, Robert Naughton, Richard Michael Page, and Liam David Harper

 

Metabolic Demand and Indirect Markers of Muscle Damage after Eccentric Cycling with Blood Flow Restriction
Luis Penailillo, Miguel Santander, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea, and Sebastian Jannas-Vela